Unveiling Tax Deductions for FIFO Workers

March 24, 2024

Simon Madziar
Simon Madziar

Unveiling Tax Deductions for FIFO Workers

Key Highlights

  • FIFO workers can claim tax deductions on various expenses such as travel, meals, protective clothing, tools, and phone and internet expenses.
  • ATO allows deductions for travel expenses if the travel is temporary and related to work, but not for regular travel under FIFO arrangements.
  • Meal allowances can be claimed as a tax deduction if provided by the employer under an industrial award or agreement.
  • Uniform and protective clothing expenses can be claimed if the uniform has the employer's logo and if the clothing is necessary for work.
  • Tools and equipment purchases can be claimed if the cost is less than $300, and depreciation can be claimed for purchases over $300.
  • Phone and internet expenses can be claimed if they are work-related, such as staying in touch with the employer during off periods or working from home.


Fly-In, Fly Out (FIFO) workers have a unique work arrangement that comes with its own set of challenges and questions when it comes to tax deductions. These workers are required to work long continuous hours in remote locations and often have limited downtime. As a result, they want to make the most of their time at home and not be burdened by sorting out their finances. However, it's important for FIFO workers to understand the tax deductions they are entitled to and ensure that they have all the necessary paperwork in order to maximise their tax return and navigate any potential employment practices related to their transportation costs.

To navigate the complexities of tax deductions for FIFO workers, it is advisable to seek professional assistance from an experienced FIFO tax agent and accountant. These experts can guide FIFO workers through the process of filing their tax returns, ensuring that they claim all eligible deductions, including those related to home office expenses, with the help of a tax calculator, and do not miss out on any potential tax savings.

In this blog, we will explore the various tax deductions available to FIFO workers in Australia. We will discuss the eligibility criteria and provide an overview of the deductible expenses, including travel expenses, meal allowances, protective clothing, tools and equipment, and phone and internet expenses. By understanding these deductions, mining site employees can make informed decisions and optimise their tax returns.

Understanding Tax Deductions for FIFO Workers

Tax deductions play a crucial role in reducing the taxable income of individuals, including FIFO workers. These deductions allow FIFO workers to claim certain expenses incurred in the course of their work, such as travel expenses and work-related equipment, thereby reducing their overall tax liability. By understanding the specific deductions available to them, FIFO workers can optimise their tax returns and potentially increase their tax refunds. In this section, we will delve into the details of tax deductions for FIFO workers, explaining the different categories of deductible expenses, including the income tax offset, and the eligibility criteria for each.

Defining FIFO and Its Importance in the Workforce

Before diving into the specifics of tax deductions for FIFO workers, let's first define what FIFO means and why it is an important work arrangement in certain industries. FIFO stands for Fly-In, Fly-Out, and it refers to a work arrangement where employees travel to a remote work site from a major airport (such as Perth or Brisbane) for a certain period of time and then return home for a designated time off. This arrangement is commonly used in industries such as mining, oil and gas, and construction, where the work sites are often located in remote or isolated areas.

The usual place of residence for FIFO workers is their primary home, which is typically located far away from the work site. This means that FIFO workers have to travel long distances, often by air, to reach their work site. The remote locations of these work sites can pose logistical challenges, such as limited access to amenities and services. Despite the challenges, FIFO work arrangements are crucial for industries that require specialised skills and expertise in remote areas, such as mining, oil, and gas operations. By understanding the unique circumstances of FIFO workers, we can better appreciate the significance of tax deductions in supporting these workers and their contributions to the workforce.

Overview of Eligible Tax Deductions for FIFO Workers

FIFO workers are entitled to claim tax deductions on various expenses related to their work. It's important for FIFO workers to be aware of these deductions in order to maximise their tax returns. Here is an overview of the key tax deductions available to FIFO workers:

  • Travel expenses: While regular travel as part of a FIFO arrangement is not deductible, expenses incurred for temporary travel to another location for work-related activities can be claimed.
  • Zone tax offset: FIFO workers who live in remote or isolated parts of Australia may be eligible for a zone tax offset, which helps offset the higher cost of living in these areas.
  • Work site expenses: Expenses incurred at the work site, such as uniform and protective clothing, tools and equipment, and phone and internet expenses, can be claimed as tax deductions.

By understanding these deductions, FIFO workers can ensure that they claim all eligible expenses and reduce their overall tax liability. It's important to keep records of these expenses and consult with a tax professional to ensure compliance with tax laws.

Travel Expenses and Deductions

Travel expenses are an important category of deductions for FIFO workers. While regular travel as part of a FIFO arrangement is not tax deductible this includes travel between your place of residence and the airport, certain travel expenses can be claimed on a tax return. These include expenses incurred for temporary travel to another location for work-related activities, such as meetings, training, seminars, or other work-related events. It's important for FIFO workers to keep track of their travel expenses, including the cost of flights, accommodation, and other forms of transport, in order to claim these deductions correctly. Additionally, relocation expenses are not tax deductible for FIFO workers, as they are considered private expenses.

Work Gear and Equipment Deductions

Protective clothing and safety gear are essential deductions for FIFO workers. Items such as helmets, high-visibility clothing, and steel-capped boots can be claimed. Additionally, tools and equipment necessary for work tasks are also eligible for tax deductions. Whether it's specialised gear for a trade or tools required for maintenance work, FIFO workers should keep detailed records and receipts to substantiate these claims during tax return filings. This helps in minimising taxable income and maximising tax offsets for work-related expenses.

Protective Clothing and Safety Gear

When it comes to tax deductions for FIFO workers, claiming expenses for protective clothing and safety gear is crucial. These items are essential for ensuring worker safety in demanding work environments. By understanding the specific requirements for deductible items such as hard hats, high visibility clothing, and safety boots, FIFO workers can maximise their tax benefits while prioritising their well-being on the job. Proper documentation of these expenses is vital for a smooth tax return process and easing the financial impact of purchasing necessary safety equipment. Utilising these deductions effectively can significantly reduce taxable income for FIFO workers.

Tools and Equipment Necessary for Work

Protective gear and tools essential for work are considered tax-deductible for FIFO workers. Expenses incurred on safety equipment, specialised tools, and work-related gadgets can be claimed on tax returns. It's crucial to keep detailed records of these expenses, including receipts and invoices, to substantiate the claims. Understanding the nuances of what can be claimed under this category, including first aid training course, is key to maximising tax deductions for FIFO workers. Plan accordingly and consult a tax accountant for expert guidance.

Communication Expenses

Phone and internet bills crucial for work can be tax deductions for FIFO workers. These expenses must be directly related to work duties and not personal use to qualify. Deductions can cover a portion of the overall bill based on work-related usage percentages, providing additional relief on tax returns. Additionally, claiming electronic devices used primarily for work purposes, such as laptops or tablets, can also be included as communication expense deductions for FIFO workers.

Meals and Daily Expense Deductions

As per ATO, meals are a private expense. They are therefore not deductible. However, you may deduct meal expenses if they are part of work-related travel that is not within your regular FIFO arrangement.

You can also claim the cost of meals when you are working overtime under an industrial award or agreement that involves the employer providing a meal allowance. However, you have to keep the meal expenses under $35.65 per day for the 2023-24 income year.

Training and Education Deductions

When it comes to training and education deductions for FIFO workers, expenses related to upgrading skills, attending conferences, and participating in work-related seminars are eligible. These costs incurred for professional development can be claimed as tax deductions, reducing the taxable income. Keeping abreast of industry developments through courses and workshops directly related to the job can help FIFO workers enhance their skills while maximising tax benefits. It is essential to maintain proper documentation and receipts for these educational expenses to support tax claims.

Upgrading Skills and Professional Development

Investing in upgrading skills and professional development is not only beneficial for FIFO workers' career growth but can also offer tax deductions. Expenses related to courses, workshops, or training programs directly linked to their current job or industry are usually tax-deductible. This includes fees for conferences, seminars, or any education that enhances their skills. Claiming these expenses can help individuals improve their knowledge and expertise while minimising their tax liabilities. It's a win-win situation for FIFO workers looking to advance in their field.

You can’t claim the cost of getting your initial licence, regulatory permit, cards or certificates to get a job. For example, a forklift licence or truck licence.

Other Deductible Expenses

Union fees, professional subscriptions, and work-related medical checkups are eligible deductions for FIFO workers. These expenses can significantly reduce taxable income, minimising tax obligations. By keeping detailed records and receipts, workers can claim these costs successfully. Tax accountants can offer guidance on maximising deductions within the relevant tax laws. Staying informed about deductible expenses, as well as potential industry bodies lobbying for changes, ensures FIFO workers take full advantage of available tax benefits. Deductible expenses play a crucial role in optimising tax returns for FIFO employees.

Union Fees and Professional Subscriptions

When it comes to tax deductions for FIFO workers, union fees and professional subscriptions are often overlooked but can be significant. These expenses incurred for professional development or industry memberships are eligible for tax deductions. By keeping track of these costs and including them in your tax return, you can reduce your taxable income and potentially pay less tax. It's essential to consult a tax accountant to ensure you accurately claim all eligible deductions and maximise your tax benefits.

Work-Related Medical Checkups and Vaccinations

FIFO workers can claim tax deductions for work-related medical checkups and vaccinations. These expenses incurred for maintaining health and safety in the workplace are eligible deductions. By keeping up with necessary medical examinations and vaccinations, FIFO workers can ensure they meet their duty of care responsibilities while also benefiting from potential tax savings. These deductions contribute to a safer work environment and are essential for maintaining the well-being of the workforce. Claiming these expenses can help reduce the overall tax burden for FIFO workers.

What FIFO Workers Can’t Claim on Tax

  • The cost of flights between home and place of employment
  • Travel costs from home to departure airport for work. That includes vehicle costs and airport shuttle fees.
  • Cost of obtaining your first machinery licence or ticket
  • Relocation expenses when you move to a location near your place of employment
  • Cost of conventional clothing such as work shirts with no logo and jeans
  • Cost of pre-vocational courses before employment


In conclusion, understanding tax deductions for FIFO workers is crucial for optimising your financial benefits. From travel expenses and work gear to communication and meal deductions, knowing what you can claim can lead to significant savings. By staying informed about eligible deductions and keeping thorough records, FIFO workers can maximise their tax refunds and reduce financial stress. Make sure to consult with a tax professional for personalised guidance on navigating the complexities of FIFO tax deductions. Your financial well-being is important, and taking advantage of all available deductions can make a real difference in your bottom line.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I prove my expenses are work-related?

To prove that your expenses are work-related, it's important to keep records of your expenses, including receipts, bank statements, and other relevant documentation. This will provide evidence that the expenses were incurred for work purposes. It's also important to understand the ATO's guidelines and policies regarding work-related expenses. Consulting with a tax professional who specialises in FIFO tax returns can provide guidance on documenting and proving your work-related expenses.

Can fifo workers claim travel to airports?

As per the ATO, traveling from your residence to your work site is a personal expense. Thus, you cannot claim deductions for trips from your home to the airport. Similarly, you cannot claim tax deductions for airfares between your home and your work site, or the cost of fuel for DIDO workers.

Can I claim expenses if I receive an allowance?

If you receive an allowance from your employer, you may still be eligible to claim expenses as tax deductions. However, the allowance may affect the amount you can claim. The ATO applies the "otherwise deductible rule" to determine the tax deductibility of expenses. It's important to consult with a tax professional who specialises in FIFO tax returns to understand how your allowance may affect your tax deductions.

What if my work location changes frequently?

If your work location changes frequently, it may impact your tax deductions. Regular travel between your place of residence and work sites is not tax deductible. However, expenses related to work-related travel, such as meetings, training, seminars, or other work-related activities, can be claimed. It's important to keep records of your travel expenses and consult with a tax professional who specialises in FIFO tax returns to ensure you claim the correct deductions.

How does remote work affect my tax deductions?

Remote work can affect your tax deductions in several ways. If you work remotely, you may be eligible to claim home office expenses, such as internet and phone expenses. However, it's important to understand the ATO's guidelines and requirements for claiming these deductions.

Consulting with a tax professional who specialises in FIFO tax returns can provide guidance on how remote work affects your tax deductions and ensure you comply with tax laws.

Looking for help with your accounting, bookkeeping or taxes? We can help! Click below to call or schedule a online appointment with us.

*Please note that the above information is general advice only. We recommend you seek advice from a specialist relevant to your personal situation. This information is correct at the time of publishing and is subject to change*

Tax laws and regulations can change over time, so it is important to stay informed about any updates or amendments that may affect your tax obligations. The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) is the authoritative source for the most up-to-date information regarding tax requirements and regulations in Australia.


Schedule a Free Consultation Today!

Connect with us and take the first step towards effortless financial management. Reach out now to schedule a free consultation and let us tailor a package that resonates with your needs. Your journey to financial clarity and confidence starts here.

©️ 2024 | Sitemap | Powered by Xugar